Green Lane Loans

Financial Glossary

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Welcome to our Financial Glossary, a comprehensive guide to financial terminology. Understanding these terms can assist you in making informed financial decisions.


  • Annual Percentage Rate (APR): The total cost of borrowing money expressed as a yearly rate. It includes both the interest rate and any associated fees.
  • Amortization: The process of gradually paying off a debt over a set period of time through regular payments.


  • Bad Credit: A term used to describe a poor credit score, typically below 580 on a scale of 300-850. It can make it difficult to get payday loans with favorable terms.
  • Bankruptcy: A legal procedure for dealing with debt problems of individuals and businesses.


  • Collateral: An asset used to secure a loan. If the borrower fails to repay the loan, the lender may take ownership of the collateral.
  • Credit Score: A numerical representation of an individual's creditworthiness, based on their credit history.


  • Debt Consolidation: The act of combining multiple debts into a single loan with a lower interest rate or monthly payment.
  • Default: Failure to repay a loan as agreed in the terms of the loan.


  • Early Repayment Penalty: A charge that may apply if you repay all or part of your loan before the end of the agreed term.
  • Equity: The value of an asset after deducting what you owe on any loans or other obligations related to that asset.


  • Fixed Interest Rate: An interest rate that doesn't change over the life of a loan or investment.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which a lender takes possession of a property due to the borrower's failure to make mortgage payments.


  • Grace Period: A set period of time after a payment becomes due, during which the borrower can make the payment without penalty.
  • Gross Income: A person's total income before taxes and other deductions.


  • Hard Inquiry: A credit check made by lenders when evaluating your creditworthiness that can slightly lower your credit score.
  • High-Yield Savings Account: A type of savings account that offers a higher interest rate compared to a standard savings account.


  • Interest: The cost of borrowing money, typically expressed as an annual percentage of the loan amount.
  • Installment Loan: A loan that's repaid over time with a set number of scheduled payments.


  • Joint Account: A bank account shared by two or more individuals.
  • Judgment: A court's official decision on a legal case, including debt-related lawsuits.


  • Key Rate: An interest rate set by a country's central bank which determines the cost of borrowing money.
  • KYC (Know Your Customer): A standard banking policy practice to verify the identity of clients and assess potential risks of illegal intentions for the business relationship.


  • Leverage: The use of borrowed money to finance an investment, with the hope that the profits from the investment will exceed the cost of borrowing.
  • Liquidity: The ease with which an asset can be converted into rapid cash without affecting its market price.


  • Maturity Date: The date on which a loan or bond comes due and is to be paid off.
  • Minimum Payment: The smallest amount that a borrower must pay each month on a debt.


  • Net Income: The amount of income that remains after all expenses, taxes, and costs have been paid.
  • Non-sufficient Funds (NSF): A term indicating that a bank account does not have enough money to cover a payment.


  • Outstanding Debt: The total amount of debt that a borrower owes to a lender.
  • Overdraft: A deficit in a bank account caused by drawing more money than is available in the account.


  • Principal: The original amount of money borrowed or invested, excluding any interest or charges.
  • Payday Loan: A type of short-term borrowing where a lender extends high-interest credit based on a borrower's income and credit profile.


  • Qualifying Ratios: Calculations used by lenders to determine a borrower's capacity to meet the obligations of a loan.
  • Quasi Cash: Certain types of transactions such as casino gaming chips, money orders, travelers cheques, etc. are treated as quasi-cash by credit card companies.


  • Refinancing: Replacing an existing loan with a new one that has different terms, often used to secure a more favorable interest rate.
  • Repossession: The act of a lender claiming a property or asset that was used as collateral for a loan due to non-payment.


  • Secured Loan: A loan backed by an asset (the collateral). If the borrower defaults, the lender can take possession of the asset.
  • Soft Inquiry: A credit check that does not affect your credit score, often used when you check your own credit or when a lender or credit card company checks your credit to preapprove you for an offer.


  • Term: The period of time during which a loan is to be repaid.
  • Truth in Lending Act (TILA): A federal law designed to promote the informed use of consumer credit by requiring disclosures about its terms and cost.


  • Underwriting: The process by which a lender determines the creditworthiness and risk profile of a potential borrower.
  • Unsecured Loan: A loan that is not backed by collateral. The lender cannot automatically claim property if the borrower defaults on repayment.


  • Variable Interest Rate: An interest rate that can change over time as it’s based on an underlying benchmark interest rate or index.
  • Voluntary Repossession: An agreement where a borrower voluntarily turns over to the lender an asset that was the collateral for a loan, to avoid the consequences of repossession.


  • Wire Transfer: An electronic transfer of funds from one individual or institution to another.
  • Write-off: When a portion of a debt, or a debt in its entirety, is deemed uncollectible by the reporting firm and is subsequently written off the firm's balance sheet.


  • X-efficiency: A concept in economics to describe the effectiveness with which a firm converts its inputs into outputs.
  • XD (Ex-dividend): A term used in stock markets to describe a stock that is trading without the value of the next dividend payment.


  • Yield: The income return on an investment, such as interest or dividends received, usually expressed as a percentage based on the investment's cost, its current market value, or its face value.
  • Yield to Maturity (YTM): The total return anticipated on a bond if it is held until it matures.


  • Zero Balance Account: A checking account in which a balance of zero is maintained. When funds are needed, the exact amount of money required is transferred.
  • Z-Score: A statistical measurement of a score's relationship to the mean in a group of scores. In finance, it's commonly used in credit scoring to measure creditworthiness.

Remember, this glossary is not exhaustive. For more complex terms or ones you're unfamiliar with, don't hesitate to reach out to our support team at [email protected] for clarification.

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